Laravel and Symfony: A Comparison of PHP Frameworks

Quick Comparison between Laravel PHP and Symfony PHP Frameworks.

Laravel:

Laravel is an open-source, server-side, real-time framework under MIT license, which uses the MVC design pattern and reuses existing components of frameworks while building web apps: Yii, CodeIgniter, & Ruby on Rails.

Symfony:

Symfony is a reliable, mature, open-source framework that also follows the MVC framework and present under the MIT license.

Similarities between Laravel and Symfony

  • The Laravel and Symfony frameworks are PHP-based, open-sourced
  • Both the frameworks are built on the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture.
  • They are used to build cross-platform web applications operable on different computing platforms.
  • The framework shares a range of common features including, multilingual content, scaffolding, text search, multi-user system, multiple projects, similar ORM (Object-relational mapping), to name a few.

Dissimilarities between Laravel and Symfony

  • Symfony allows the utilization of C# and Java while Laravel utilizes magic methods, simplifying its code.
  • Symfony is preferred for complex, enterprise web applications, while Laravel is chosen for modular, robust solutions.
  • Even though the ORM used in the frameworks are similar, Symfony uses Doctrine while Laravel uses Eloquent.
  • The template design used is Twig in the case of Symfony and Blade in the case of Laravel (allows reusability of code).
  • While the Laravel community is large, the community of Symfony is highly active in solving issues and present in about 120 countries.
  • When it comes to scalability, Symfony has a higher value as Laravel users need thorough knowledge in coding to make it scalable.

Pro and Cons — Symfony vs Laravel

Pros of Laravel:

  • The latest version of PHP features gets updated.
  • Allows the integration of email services through API integration.
  • A huge ecosystem of pre-packaged tools for user authentication, testing, and others for building the application.
  • The templating system allows easy navigation even in complex web layouts.
  • Artisan CLI: Helps implement custom commands, manage databases and migrations with boilerplate codes. It offers automation in recurring tasks.
  • Routing: Reverse routing helps create unique URIs (Uniform Resource Unifier) and helps automate the propagation of changes.
  • Testing: Automated and less time-consuming with PHPUnit-based expressive testing methods.

Cons of Laravel:

  • The codes in the newest updated version might break due to code incompatibility.
  • Backend congestion might occur due to the lightweight framework leading to lower performance.
  • Applications built on Laravel could be heavy for mobile fast-loading.
  • With a larger community comes the difficulty in accessing quality-certified third-party libraries.

Pros of Symfony:

  • The framework allows reusable components for multiple uses, thereby saving developers time.
  • Symfony is flexible in the usage of other codes during customization of web applications, including c# and Java
  • The Symfony community is highly active and one of the biggest in the market
  • Highly scalable with expandable functionality using preloaded bundles
  • Secure and stable across all versions.

Cons of Symfony:

  • Hard learning curve making it difficult for beginners.
  • Slows application performance when using different technologies.
  • Even with reusable components, development time is much slower when compared to other frameworks.
  • Testing the code is time-consuming due to the slow assessment of Parser and lever codes.

A Deeper Comparison of the Features of Laravel and Symfony

MODULARITY AND SCALING

Laravel: Due to the pre-built dependencies on MVC, the flexibility of the framework is reduced. But remains user-friendly when using MVC.

TEMPLATING ENGINE

Laravel: The template engine used allows reusability of code along with the perfect match for building APIs with the sub-framework, Lumen.

DATABASE SUPPORT

Laravel: Supports SQL Server, MySQL, PostgreSQL, and SQLite databases for data access through object-relational mapping (ORM) through Eloquent.

DATABASE MIGRATIONS

Laravel: Does not require defining fields during manual database migrations.

DATA MODELING

Laravel: SQL knowledge is required. The template engine ties to the DB schema, making its flexibility reduced.

When to Choose Laravel over Symfony and Vice versa?

Choose Laravel:

  • When you want a web application to be developed with less time with the readily available implementations.
  • If you need easy authorization and automation in processes including queueing, routing, caching, and sessions.
  • When you want to ease the development process through Magic Methods and traits available with this framework.
  • When developing fast-performing applications for small projects and quick delivery.
  • If you require a scalable server-side framework with excellent documentation and an SEO-friendly website.

Choose Symfony:

  • For enterprise-level, large-scale web applications for the internet as well as the intranet, the framework comes without any built-in dependencies, which is ideal for complex projects.
  • Flexibility in configuring with no pre-set logic while combining bundles and components.
  • When you need to alter only a part of the framework architecture and personalize the application further in the future.
  • You want to create single-page applications and real-time data synchronization.

Conclusion:

  • Among the two PHP frameworks, the most popular being Laravel, you get great support for the same. While Symfony has one of the largest communities as well.
  • The choice of the framework should depend on the web application to be developed; choose Laravel if you need faster delivery and performing application, while choosing Symfony if you need a highly optimized, stable, and complex web application. Even with slower performance, you get easily extensible options.
  • Agreed, the same is possible with Laravel, it completely depends on the kind of logic to be used and configurations required. Finally, the most significant thing being a good hold on the framework, the more comfortable the developer is with the framework, the faster and hassle-free the development process will commence.

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Aaron smith

Aaron smith

I like to post top service providers of technology