Laravel and Symfony: A Comparison of PHP Frameworks

Quick Comparison between Laravel PHP and Symfony PHP Frameworks.

Laravel:

Symfony:

Similarities between Laravel and Symfony

  • The Laravel and Symfony frameworks are PHP-based, open-sourced
  • Both the frameworks are built on the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architecture.
  • They are used to build cross-platform web applications operable on different computing platforms.
  • The framework shares a range of common features including, multilingual content, scaffolding, text search, multi-user system, multiple projects, similar ORM (Object-relational mapping), to name a few.

Dissimilarities between Laravel and Symfony

  • Symfony allows the utilization of C# and Java while Laravel utilizes magic methods, simplifying its code.
  • Symfony is preferred for complex, enterprise web applications, while Laravel is chosen for modular, robust solutions.
  • Even though the ORM used in the frameworks are similar, Symfony uses Doctrine while Laravel uses Eloquent.
  • The template design used is Twig in the case of Symfony and Blade in the case of Laravel (allows reusability of code).
  • While the Laravel community is large, the community of Symfony is highly active in solving issues and present in about 120 countries.
  • When it comes to scalability, Symfony has a higher value as Laravel users need thorough knowledge in coding to make it scalable.

Pro and Cons — Symfony vs Laravel

Pros of Laravel:

  • The latest version of PHP features gets updated.
  • Allows the integration of email services through API integration.
  • A huge ecosystem of pre-packaged tools for user authentication, testing, and others for building the application.
  • The templating system allows easy navigation even in complex web layouts.
  • Artisan CLI: Helps implement custom commands, manage databases and migrations with boilerplate codes. It offers automation in recurring tasks.
  • Routing: Reverse routing helps create unique URIs (Uniform Resource Unifier) and helps automate the propagation of changes.
  • Testing: Automated and less time-consuming with PHPUnit-based expressive testing methods.

Cons of Laravel:

  • The codes in the newest updated version might break due to code incompatibility.
  • Backend congestion might occur due to the lightweight framework leading to lower performance.
  • Applications built on Laravel could be heavy for mobile fast-loading.
  • With a larger community comes the difficulty in accessing quality-certified third-party libraries.

Pros of Symfony:

  • The framework allows reusable components for multiple uses, thereby saving developers time.
  • Symfony is flexible in the usage of other codes during customization of web applications, including c# and Java
  • The Symfony community is highly active and one of the biggest in the market
  • Highly scalable with expandable functionality using preloaded bundles
  • Secure and stable across all versions.

Cons of Symfony:

  • Hard learning curve making it difficult for beginners.
  • Slows application performance when using different technologies.
  • Even with reusable components, development time is much slower when compared to other frameworks.
  • Testing the code is time-consuming due to the slow assessment of Parser and lever codes.

A Deeper Comparison of the Features of Laravel and Symfony

MODULARITY AND SCALING

TEMPLATING ENGINE

DATABASE SUPPORT

DATABASE MIGRATIONS

DATA MODELING

When to Choose Laravel over Symfony and Vice versa?

Choose Laravel:

  • When you want a web application to be developed with less time with the readily available implementations.
  • If you need easy authorization and automation in processes including queueing, routing, caching, and sessions.
  • When you want to ease the development process through Magic Methods and traits available with this framework.
  • When developing fast-performing applications for small projects and quick delivery.
  • If you require a scalable server-side framework with excellent documentation and an SEO-friendly website.

Choose Symfony:

  • For enterprise-level, large-scale web applications for the internet as well as the intranet, the framework comes without any built-in dependencies, which is ideal for complex projects.
  • Flexibility in configuring with no pre-set logic while combining bundles and components.
  • When you need to alter only a part of the framework architecture and personalize the application further in the future.
  • You want to create single-page applications and real-time data synchronization.

Conclusion:

  • Among the two PHP frameworks, the most popular being Laravel, you get great support for the same. While Symfony has one of the largest communities as well.
  • The choice of the framework should depend on the web application to be developed; choose Laravel if you need faster delivery and performing application, while choosing Symfony if you need a highly optimized, stable, and complex web application. Even with slower performance, you get easily extensible options.
  • Agreed, the same is possible with Laravel, it completely depends on the kind of logic to be used and configurations required. Finally, the most significant thing being a good hold on the framework, the more comfortable the developer is with the framework, the faster and hassle-free the development process will commence.

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Aaron smith

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